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City Highlight 认识加德满都 - 05 Days

Kathmandu is the capital and largest municipality of Nepal. The city stands at an elevation of approximately 1,400 metres (4,600 ft) in the bowl-shaped Kathmandu Valley of central Nepal. It is surrounded by four major hills: Shivapuri, Phulchoki, Nagarjun, and Chandragiri. Kathmandu Valley is part of three districts (Kathmandu, Lalitpur, and Bhaktapur), has the highest population density in the country, and is home to about a twelfth of Nepal's population. 

加德满都是尼泊尔的首都、最大的直辖市。位于尼泊尔中部的加德满都谷地,海拔约1400米(4.6兆英尺)。它是由四个主要群山ShivapuriPhulchokiNagarjunChandragiri环抱。加德满都谷地是三区(加德满都,勒利德布尔和巴克塔普尔)的一部分,是全国人口密度最高,占尼泊尔总人口的1/12

Itinerary

Day 01 第一天: Arrival 抵达
Our representative staff will pick you from the airport and transfer to the hotel. Free time walk around.
抵达尼泊尔特瑞布文国际机场后,专车接机到加德满都饭店,在饭店悠闲休憩。
Day 02 第2天 : Kathmandu - Bhaktapur Sightseen 加德满都-巴克塔布区观光
BoudhaNath is Buddhist Stupa with one of the biggest dome in the world. The Pashupatinath Temple is a famous, sacred Hindu temple dedicated to Pashupatinath and is located on the banks of the Bagmati River 5 kilometres north-east of Kathmandu Valley in the eastern city of Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal. Bhaktapur Durbar Square is the plaza in front of the royal palace of the old Bhaktapur Kingdom, 1400m above sea level. It is one of three Durbar Squares in the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal, all of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Visit many temples among which the famous are Nyatapol, 55 Windows Palace, Golden Gate, Bhairavnath Temple, The Stone Temple of Batsala Devi and magnificent statue of King BhupatindraMalla.
16公里处的巴克塔布,是加德满都谷地的第三大城。
【巴克塔布古都Bhaktapur】被誉为尼泊尔中世纪橱窗的-巴克塔布市,此为尼泊尔第三城市。散步于巴克塔布,好似进入中世纪的古城区,门窗上的精细木雕,老妇织布、陶匠捏土、木雕师刻画精美纹饰,像是自外于车水马龙的现代城市,而停留在旧日时光。

【●博达佛塔Bouddhanath】世界上最大的佛塔,佛塔的四周环列着一个个可以转动的小圆筒,称作祈 祷轮,可依顺时针方向转祈祷轮并绕塔而行,以祈来生轮回转运。此塔更是电影「小活佛」中主要的拍 摄场景。
【●帕素帕帝那庙Pashupatinath】印度教湿婆神圣地,此地除了印度教徒外,观光客及非印度教徒不 准进入庙内,运气好的话,可在现场看到露天火葬烧尸的场面。拥有悠久历史的一整排舍利塔则隔着圣 河与帕素帕帝那庙相望。

【●巴克塔布杜儿巴广场Bhaktapur Durbar Square】
位于1400米海拔的巴克塔布杜儿巴广场,此处为旧日皇宫所在地,留下的建筑最多且精彩。此地有几间知名的寺庙建筑,其中以拥有五层屋顶的尼亚塔波拉神庙 (Nyatapol Temple)最具代表性。金壁辉煌的● 黄金门、●55扇窗宫殿、雕刻精致的●孔雀窗,及尼泊尔境内最高的●尼雅塔波拉五层方塔庙等艺术古迹,并前往有趣的●手拉胚陶器市场。
Day 03 第3天: Bhaktapur - Patan - Kathmandu 帕坦古都-加德满都
Early morning observe the lifestyle of local people in Bhaktapur. After lunch drives to Patan Durbar Square situated at the centre of Lalitpur city. It is also one of the three Durbar Squares in the Kathmandu Valley, listed in UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The Durbar Square is full of ancient palaces, temples and shrines, noted for their exquisite carvings such as Krishna Temple, Mahaboudha, Kumbheshwor, The AshokanStupas and many more then drive back to Kathmandu.
【帕坦古都PATAN CITY】传为世上最古老的佛教城。抵达后徒步进行市区观光,参观古色古香的建筑:●皇宫、● 克瓦黄金庙、●千佛塔、●印度庙。

清晨安排体验当地人民巴克塔普尔的生活方式,午餐后,驱车前往位于勒利德布尔市的中心-帕坦杜儿巴王宫广场。与另两座古城相同,帕坦也做杜儿巴广场,同样也是整座城市的中心。怕坦杜巴广场充满了古老的宫殿,寺庙和神社,深受佛教影响,留下上千个不形式的佛教建物。有克里须纳寺Krishna Temple、摩诃佛陀氏Mahaboudha、Kumbeshwar昆贝许瓦神庙,阿育王佛塔AshokanStupas都被列为联合国教科文组织世界遗产。
Day 04 第4天: Kathmandu Sightseen 加德满都市区观光-
Swayambhunath is an ancient religious architecture atop a hill in the Kathmandu Valley, west of Kathmandu city. It is also known as the Monkey Temple as there are holy monkeys living in the north-west parts of the temple. The temple of Dakshinkali is situated about two kilometers south of Shesh Narayan, which is regarded as one of most important Hindu goddesses. Pilgrims visit this temple to offer their prayer and animal sacrifices to the goddess. Besides, this place has been developed as a popular picnic spot.Budanilkantha,about 8 km. north of Kathmandu, at the base of Shivapuri hill is a remarkable colossal statue of Lord Vishnu, reclining on a bed of snakes. This is one of the masterpieces of stone sculptures of Lichchhavi period. This fifth century statue is in the middle of pond.Kathmandu Durbar Square: It is the historic seat of royalty. The Durbar square, with its old temples and places, epitomizes the religious and cultural life of people. It is here that kings of Nepal are crowed and their coronations solemnized. Interesting things to see her are Taleju Temple built by Mahendra Mall in 1549 AD, the temple of KalBhairav, the god of destruction, Nautalle Durbar, Coronation Nasal Chowk, the GaddiBaithak, the statue of King Pratap Mall, the Big Drum, the Jagannath temple and Kasthmandap. It was listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Monument list in 1979 AD.
加德满都谷地于1979年登陆于联合国国际组织,属于文化类遗产。
【●Swayambhunath斯瓦扬布纳特寺 】
斯瓦扬布纳特寺是一个古老的宗教建筑在加德满都谷地山顶上,它也被称为猴庙,因为有生活在寺庙的西北部地区圣猴。
【●The temple of Dakshinkali达卡辛克利神庙】
奉祀的是卡莉女神(Kali),信徒们总是会带动物进行血祭。非印度教徒不得进入寺院,只能从外围窥看。
【Budanilkantha布达内尔堪达】
尼泊尔,纳拉扬为万物的创生者,祂飘浮沈睡于宇宙初始的海洋,直至苏醒。由祂的肚脐生出一朵莲花,莲花上坐着大梵天(Brahma),大梵天创造了世界。在加德满都市区北侧的布达内尔堪达,就是描述这个故事的神圣地点。
【●加德满都杜儿巴广场Kathmandu Durbar Square】
加德满都是尼泊尔政治经济发展中心。杜儿巴广场就位于市区中心。尼泊尔语中{Durbar}就是{皇宫},杜儿巴广场就是皇宫所在。直到20世纪初,皇室才北移往纳拉扬希提皇宫。在此之前,历代君王都住此,国王加冕仪式也在此举行。
【●塔蕾珠神庙Taleju Temple】
14世纪时,统治者引进南印度的塔蕾珠女神,视为王室守护者。杜儿巴广场规模最壮观的神庙就是塔蕾珠神庙。基座有12层、高度超过35公尺此。从前人们相信若房子建的比塔蕾珠神庙高,会招致厄运。直至今日,仍是这一带最高的建筑物之一。神庙仅于达善杰(Dasain)期间对外开放。
Day 05 第4天: Departure 出境返国
Drive to airport and depart to your home country.
结束尼泊尔神秘古城加德满都深度之旅,搭机返国回到温暖的家。
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